What is Type 2 Diabetes?

type-2-diabetes-pageThe most common form of diabetes is called type 2, or non-insulin dependent diabetes.

This is also called “adult onset” diabetes, since it typically develops after age 35. However, a growing number of younger people are now developing type 2 diabetes.

People with type 2 are able to produce some of their own insulin. Often, it’s not enough. And sometimes, the insulin will try to serve as the “key” to open the body’s cells, to allow the glucose to enter. But the key won’t work. The cells won’t open. This is called insulin resistance.

Often, type 2 is tied to people who are overweight, with a sedentary lifestyle. Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity. African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and some Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes.

Treatment focuses on diet and exercise. If blood sugar levels are still high, oral medications are used to help the body use its own insulin more efficiently. In some cases, insulin injections are necessary.

What are the symptoms of Diabetes?

People who think they might have diabetes must visit a physician for diagnosis. They might have SOME or NONE of the following symptoms:

    • Frequent urination
    • Excessive thirst
    • Unexplained weight loss
    • Extreme hunger
    • Sudden vision changes
    • Tingling or numbness in hands or feet
    • Feeling very tired much of the time
    • Very dry skin
    • Sores that are slow to heal
    • More infections than usual

Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes

Treatment typically includes diet control, exercise, home blood glucose testing, and in some cases, oral medication and/or insulin. Approximately 40 percent of people with type 2 diabetes require insulin injections. At Manatee Cardiovascular Wellness Institute we are committed to reversing diabetic disease to enable our patients to live the life they desire and deserve. Our Diabetes & Metabolic Center is made up of Physicians, Nurse Practitioners, Physician Assistants, Functional Medicine Providers, Nutritionists and Dietitians to ensure all patients are able to reach their goal of eliminating Diabetes.